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The charge here is theft of frozen chickens. Are you the defendant? Thanks to Robert Patterson, esq.
The first major struggle in England was to get legal texts into English, the language of the people, rather than French or Latin. William and his followers spoke a type of French. And their legal documents were mainly in Latin, and later also in French.
English, in contrast, was the lower-class language of a subjugated people. The vast majority of the English people had always been English speakers. Nor surprisingly, bythe new king, Henry VI, was a native English speaker.
Yet French did not die out among English lawyers. Au contraire, it thrived. Unhappiness about this state of affairs led to what might be considered the first plain English law: The law, written in French, recited that French was much unknown in the realm; it therefore required that all pleas be "pleaded, shewed, defended, answered, debated, and judged in the English Tongue.
Individual parts of each code should be small enough for people to remember, and written clearly enough for citizens to know the "exact idea of the will of the legislator. Some of the founding fathers were well aware of the problems with legal language.
John Adams criticized English legal language and the "useless words" in the colonial charters. He hoped that "common sense in common language" would become fashionable. Likewise, Thomas Jefferson lambasted the traditional style of statutes, which from their verbosity, their endless tautologies, their involutions of case within case, and parenthesis within parenthesis, and their multiplied efforts at certainty by saids and aforesaids, by ors and by ands, to make them more plain, do really render them more perplexed and incomprehensible, not only to common readers, but to lawyers themselves.
Unfortunately, the revolutionary fervor of the early Americans did not extend to overthrowing the language of the law. A modern plain English movement did not really arise until the s.
In fact, plain English principles have been incorporated into the writing curriculum of most law schools.
The crusade to make legal language less convoluted and more accessible to average citizens has also resonated outside the academy. In the United States, some of the earliest efforts to improve legal language directed at consumers were initiated by the Federal government, beginning rather modestly in the s.
In President Carter signed an executive order that required that Federal regulations be "as simple and clear as possible. Egged on by the consumer movement, the states also responded.MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing.
MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. The Academic Decathlon (also called AcaDec, AcaDeca or AcDec) is the only annual high school academic competition organized by the non-profit United States Academic Decathlon Association (USAD).The competition consists of seven multiple choice tests, two performance events, and an essay.
Academic Decathlon was created by Robert .
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Academic Writing. By Rosemary Jones. Looking at the big picture. Academic writing is based on analysis - the process of breaking down ideas - to increase one's understanding.
It uses deductive reasoning, semiformal voice, and third person point-of-view. It provides guidelines for collaboration on assignments and writing code. The handbook also provides information about what constitutes violations of academic . The premise behind the plain English movement is that legal documents ought to be plainer--and more comprehensible--to the average person.
Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing. Citations As an academic writer, you must document all of the sources of information that you include in your papers, presentations, and any other projects. Throughout this short guide we use the term “essay” to mean any sort of academic writing assignment that you hand in for a course. In economics you will be required to produce a variety of written assignments, and only some of them will be “essays” in the sense that the term might be used in a history or literature course. Welcome to Rockland Community College! Are you looking for a quality education that prepares you for the real world, whether it’s transferring to .
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