Visit Website Did you know? When it took effect in Januarythe Emancipation Proclamation freed 3.
My family lived in an all-white development named for a Confederate guerilla war hero, Col. My sisters and I attended a school named in Mosby's honor, and Mosby's birthday was a school holiday.
Not surprisingly, the version of the "War Between the States" we were taught in Virginia public schools differed radically from the conflict described by my parents. In the Virginia version, the war was not about the effort to free slaves; the war was about the right of states to secede from the Union.
Slavery was a regrettable but essentially benign "peculiar institution. The Civil War became my youthful obsession.
The Southern account was romantic, seductive, almost persuasive.
And based on what was going on in cities such as Newark and Detroit, it was hard to believe the Union forces had been fighting to free African-Americans. Yet it was also hard to believe so many people would be slaughtered in order to keep the Southern states from leaving the Union.
So what was the Civil War about? The Civil War was about original sin. The concept of original sin -- of a kernel of evil present at birth that haunts one's entire life -- also was introduced to me in Northern Virginia in the form of Saturday morning CCD lessons at St.
I don't recall whether I ever accepted the idea that infants are born sinful, but my obsession with the Civil War left me little doubt nations can be born with original sin -- and our nation was.
Where the evil is as profound as slavery and the racism upon which it built, moreover, its expiation may require, as ours did, a baptism of unspeakable bloodshed. Lincoln's sacrifice became linked, in my mind, to that of Jesus Christ.
Both preached a gospel of reconciliation against the corruption, intolerance and violence in which they were immersed. Both shied from the inevitable and awful fate that awaited them; Jesus asked God to "take this cup from me," while Lincoln spent the first two years of the war denying that it was about slavery at all.
But Jesus accepted that the only way to expiate evil was to allow it to take his life. I believe Lincoln saw that the bitterness of the fighting and the sheer immensity of the suffering and had to be ennobled by a higher cause than coercing states to remain in the Union.
For Lincoln, the war had to be about what America was supposed to be about: And in the end, it was. In the end, John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln because, as he told an acquaintance, honoring those principles "means nigger citizenship.
Jesus called for a rebirth of spirit "the Kingdom is within you"and a commitment to love and compassion. Lincoln called for "a rebirth of freedom," and a commitment to the ideals that were espoused but neglected at our nation's founding.
Whether either martyr succeeded is an open question. Humanity over the past 2, years has hardly been a model of love and fellowship. And traces of our national shame have lingered long after Lincoln.
Nonetheless, it is worth commemorating the passions together during this Easter season and the th anniversary of the start of the Civil War. Both Jesus and Lincoln pointed to the need to reach a deeper, almost biological evolution of the human moral sense, and both were willing to die in order to show us the need and the path.
If we see that need, if we walk that path, we cannot help but rise. A version of this column originally appeared in The Star-Ledger of Newark.Tom Cutterham argues that by thinking about the American Revolution as a civil war, we might better appreciate the violence and uncertainty, the disunity and insecurity, that surrounded the collapse of imperial sovereignty and the birth of the United States.
Now it was a war between two nations. I am doing a essay on if the American. To End War - End War Research Papers discuss a book by Richard Holbrooke allows us to observe a diplomatic mission from start to finish.
Africa - Research papers discuss the problems of colonialism in Africa, along with a long history of poverty and war. Gray's introduction informatively traces the evolution of the Civil War prison historiography. The three essays comprising Part 1 begin with a chapter that employs a "sensory approach" to studying the environment of Civil War prisoner of war camps.
The three essays in this volume present an introduction and history of the emancipation of the slaves during the Civil War. The first essay traces the destruction of slavery by discussing the shift from a war for the Union to a war against slavery.
Aug 21, · The Civil War was a time of great social and political upheaval. It was also a time of great technological change. Inventors and military men . Before the civil war—and except in at the bottom of the drought, when it was zero—Syria’s growth rate hovered around 2 percent, according to the World Bank.