On April 15,Jackie Robinson made his major league debut for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field before a crowd of 26, spectators, more than 14, of whom were black. InMLB universally retired his uniform numberNo. He made the announcement with Sharon Robinson, the daughter of Jackie Robinson. Fifty years after that historic event, in AprilI was proud to join Rachel Robinson and President Bill Clinton at Shea Stadium to honor Jackie by retiring his uniform number 42 in perpetuity.
Early life Family and personal life Robinson was born on Jackie robinson baseball player and civil 31,into a family of sharecroppers in Cairo, Georgia.
With the track and field squad, he won awards in the broad jump. He was also a member of the tennis team. He was a shortstop and leadoff hitter for the baseball team, and he broke school broad-jump records held by his brother Mack.
On January 25,he was arrested after vocally disputing the detention of a black friend by police. Karl Downs to attend church on a regular basis, and Downs became a confidant for Robinson, a Christian.
While at Fort Hood, Robinson often used his weekend leave to visit the Rev. The driver backed down, but after reaching the end of the line, summoned the military policewho took Robinson into custody. Batesrefused to authorize the legal action,  Robinson was summarily transferred to the th Battalion —where the commander quickly consented to charge Robinson with multiple offenses, including, among other charges, public drunkenness, even though Robinson did not drink.
No black man had played in the major leagues since Moses Fleetwood Walker inbut the Boston Red Sox nevertheless held a tryout at Fenway Park for Robinson and other black players on April The best was Josh Gibson.
Clay Hopperthe manager of the Royals, asked Rickey to assign Robinson to any other Dodger affiliate, but Rickey refused. As he was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, he lodged instead at the home of a local black politician.
In Sanford, Floridathe police chief threatened to cancel games if Robinson and Wright did not cease training activities there; as a result, Robinson was sent back to Daytona Beach.
Robinson thus became the first black player to openly play for a minor league team against a major league team since the de facto baseball color line had been implemented in the s.
With Eddie Stanky entrenched at second base for the Dodgers, Robinson played his initial major league season as a first baseman.
The brewing mutiny ended when Dodgers management took a stand for Robinson. And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded. Some, notably the St. Louis Cardinalsthreatened to strike if Robinson played, but also to spread the walkout across the entire National League.
After the threat was exposed, National League President Ford Frick and Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler let it be known that any striking players would be suspended. Those who do it will encounter quick retribution.
This is the United States of America and one citizen has as much right to play as another. Dutton Award in for Best Sports Reporting. At one time, he received a seven-inch gash in his leg from Enos Slaughter.
When he poured out that string of unconscionable abuse, he solidified and united thirty men. Robinson named Lee "Jeep" Handleywho played for the Phillies at the time, as the first opposing player to wish him well.
Color is not one of them. He had hits scoring runs including 31 doubles, 5 triples, and 12 home runs, driving in 48 runs for the year. Robinson led the league in sacrifice hitswith 28, and in stolen bases, with Louis Cardinals on August 29,he hit for the cycle —a home runa triplea doubleand a single in the same game.
Larry Doby who broke the color barrier in the American League on July 5,just 11 weeks after Robinson and Satchel Paige played for the Cleveland Indiansand the Dodgers had three other black players besides Robinson.
Between the tours, he underwent surgery on his right ankle. He lost the weight during training camp, but dieting left him weak at the plate. My Own Story, was released. Robinson was reluctant to testify, but he eventually agreed to do so, fearing it might negatively affect his career if he declined.
He finished the year with 99 runs scored, a. Robinson was disappointed at the turn of events and wrote a sympathetic letter to Rickey, whom he considered a father figure, stating, "Regardless of what happens to me in the future, it all can be placed on what you have done and, believe me, I appreciate it.Jackie Robinson (January 31, October 24, ) was the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century, signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers in Throughout his decade-long career, Robinson distinguished himself as a talented player, with .
Beyond his many and stellar baseball feats, Jackie Robinson went on to champion the cause of civil rights when he retired from the game.
The National Archives and Records Administration holds numerous records relating to Jackie Robinson, many of which pertain to his period of civil . Watch video · Rachel Robinson, the widow of trailblazing baseball legend Jackie Robinson, is a nursing professional and educator as well as an esteemed social activist.
Educator, Philanthropist, Civil . It was worn Wednesday by every single player in the big leagues, as Jackie Robinson Day was celebrated all over, including by Robinson's former Dodgers club as it hosted Seattle in a special Civil Rights Game to honor this occasion.
Based on his actions during and after his baseball career, I believe that Jackie Robinson was an extremely effective advocate for African American civil rights. He played a key role in the integration of baseball and was one of the larger voices of the African American community in the fight for civil rights/5(1).
Baseball player And Civil Rights Activist? By: Moni Swed Thesis Paper Jackie Robinson, an icon, a civil rights activist, a political leader, a man who helped change American society. Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia on January 31st, and died October 24,